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This is the ninth issue of Rewaq of History and Heritage. It includes a set of valuable researches that begins with a study by Professor Mahmoud Ismail entitled "Sirat Bani Hilal between Reality and I
This is theeighth issue of Rewaq of History and Heritage. It includes a set of original researches where Professor“Khazal Al Majidi”, researcher of the science and history of civilizations and religio
The center released the 7th issue of “Rewaq of History and Heritage”. It contains a number of academic and scientific researches.
“Dr. Abdullah Abdul Muti” introduces “Dante”’s “Divine Comedy” as viewed by Arabs and Muslims. He wonders whether any new Arab Islamic sources that would help in introducing a new idea about it are available. He also questions how Arab and Muslim critics, authors and historians view the “Divine Comedy” and its author "Dante Alighieri". He also inquires whether there are new sources, other than the commonly known ones, that “Dante” might have used or adopted in his most famous poem in the history of European Literature. He says if there are new sources, so what are they, and what the evidence of its authenticity?
“Dr. Mustafa Mawaldi” discusses how Arab Mathematics was transferred to the “Latin West” and talks about the significant additions to this Science by Arab Scholars, saying that these additions led clearly to the development of Mathematics and left obvious and direct impacts on the works of the Scholars of the Renaissance. Arab Mathematics was influenced by the mathematics of ancient civilizations and had several influences on the various branches of mathematics.
Dr. “Ahmed Al-Adawi” deals with “Notes on Some Lost Historical Books of Sabians of Harran in the Third and Fourth Centuries AH/ the Ninth and Tenth centuries AD.” that were recorded by some historians of “Sabians” of “Harran”. These works were appreciated by old authors and historians, but they were lost totally or in part. He also examines some of those works’ characteristics- that became known through excerpts came to us from some historians and authors- and their importance in the context of historical writing at that time.
Dr.”Yassin Yahyaoui” traces the founding moments of the origin of new envisions about “Byzantium” in the first Arab writings in the early Islam era. He analyzes “The Other Byzantine in early Islam: from Self-Awareness to the Production of the Imaginary, emphasizing that this historical inquiry has two orientations, for inventing the image of the Other is the beginning of self-awareness. The Prophetic biography, the way we received its historical events through the “Maghaazi” writings and biographies, is considered an aide to trace the emergence of the Arab ego in facing others including the Byzantine Other.
Dr. “Ali Al-Sayyid” deals with the role of “Islamic Awqaf and Peace-Building among Peoples: the Constructive and Socio-cultural Role of the Waqf and Hospitality of Tamim Al-Dari.". He talks about establishing a charity sector in the Palestinian city of “Hebron” that was devoted by the companion “Tamim “Al-Dari” to spend on the “Sanctuary of Abraham” and its attached accommodation. He then discusses the stages of the development of Waqf from middle ages until the Mamluk era. The building of Waqf played a significant social role and was visited by foreigners and the needy, and it accommodated Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Dr. “Hossam Abdel Muti” raises many questions about “Shahbandar of Cairo Traders during the Ottoman Era 923-1232 AH / 1517-1816 AD”, about the factors of emergence of this position, about the mechanisms of selecting its occupant, about his relation with the governing political authority, about the role of the later in choosing the occupant of this position. History and literature are being interrelated in this study through analyzing the structure of commercial order in Cairo.
This center has published its sixth issue. It includes the research of Dr. Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, professor and founder of Islamic Studies Program at Leiden University in Netherlands. The researcher discusses the “Tomb of the Prophet Muhammad” (peace be upon him), as a main Islamic symbol from two different perspectives. He starts with discussing the image as it was circulated in middle ages and during colonial times, and then in light of the early Islamic and contemporary Salafi sources.
Dr. Yousef Mohammed Abdullah, professor of Archaeology and Ancient Languages, and Dr. Sami Sharaf Mohammed Al Shehab, specialist in the General Organization of Antiquities and Museums in Sana’a in Yemen, examine “Temple of Almaqah Ba'al Awa'el (Mahram Bilqis in Ma’rib): a Study of New Archaeological Finds” through the discoveries of by a mission from the German Archaeological Institute in 1996, through the American Anthropological Association in 2005 and through their practical researches.
In his research entitled “History of the Present Times in Morocco: Context and Problematic Issues”, Dr. Abdul Rahim Hassnawi, the researcher in Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences at Mohammed V University in Rabat in Morocco, highlights the historical context that illustrates the emergence of interest in present times and its writings in Morocco.
In his research entitled “British Visions of the Administration of Middle East Affairs 1920-1921”, Dr. Ahmed Galal Bassiouni, assistant professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Damanhur and Qatar Universities, reviews three projects that provide British visions of the administration of Middle East affairs following First World War. These projects submitted by Ormsby Gore, Herbert Samuel and Hubert Young.
Dr. Marwa Adel Ibrahim Abdel Gawad, professor of Islamic Antiquities in Faculty of Archaeology at Fayoum University, handles the “Mosque and School of Sultan Hassan in Cairo”, on the light of drawings of some Egyptian Orientalists in the 13th Century AH/ 19th Century AD. However, the researcher will rely in his study on two painters: Pascal Coast and David Roberts because of the significance of their paintings in conforming to Realism and paying attention to the smallest details.
Dr. Mahmoud Ali Mohsen Al-Salmi, associate professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Aden University discusses the “Role of Position and Location in the History of Yemen”. He clarifies both passive and positive influences of the geographical location on the history of Yemen.
Dr. Radwa Zaki, researcher in the Center of Writing and Script Studies in Alexandria Library, describes the “Islamic Cairo in the early 18th Century based on memories of the French Consul Benoît de Maillet”, as these memories were the earliest French writings about Islamic Architecture and its patterns, elements and arts. She depicts Cairo in a clear picture including items of architecture, art and the Egyptian customs and traditions.
Dr. Taha Hussein Hadeel discusses the role of Physicians of Yemen in developing the Medical Sciences from the seventh century to the tenth century of Hegira. He also touches on their studies and writings that contributed to developing this field of applied sciences and on the role of Yemeni Rulers in encouraging them. Dr. Mohamed El Shorbagy discusses the history of the family of Ibn al-Ja'yan; one of the most significant families that played a major role in the history of Egypt during the Mamluk period, where he analyzes its role in conducting the affairs of the state administration, especially the Department of Army (dīwān al-jaish). Dr. Mubarak Abu Assab deals with the artistic foundations in the documents and correspondence of Sultans of Morocco. In so doing, he analyzes the use of calligraphy, gilding, adornment and calligraphic monogram: seals and signatures of sultans as artistic elements. Dr. Mahmoud Khalaf introduces the travels of the Transoxanian scholars; Hanafis, Malikis, Shafi’is and Hanbalis, who travelled to Egypt. He introduces their most significant sheiks and students; some of their sayings, important writings and efforts in promoting scientific and cultural trips to Egypt. Professor Muhsin al-Musawi introduces in his research paper the concepts of Islamic History, Modern History and theories of narratives. Dr. Penelope Tuson reviews historical sources about women of the Gulf and Arabia preserved in the British Archival Documents and Collections which is considered a main source for the history of the Gulf. Dr. Jan P. Hogendijk examines the history of Mathematics and Astronomy in the Islamic ages until the Seventeenth century AD, where he reviews three instruments that show the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca.
This issue contains a number of research studies in the field of history and Islamic legacy. Canadian archaeologist Anita Bordet analyzes the British Naval Archives under the title:"Assessment of the official Records of the Gulf, the Arabian Sea & the Red Sea 1798-1960". The main purpose of this paper is to find out the differences between archival collections preserved in the British Navy Archives, in order to observe those occurrences happened in the region during the period under review. German professor Albrist Voss & Egyptian research fellow Ahmed Sheer tried to obtain the answers to the questions "How the legend of the priest John influenced the conflict between Muslims and Christians and its effects on the East and the West?" in their research paper under the title "The conflict between Christians and Muslims between fact and myth". Egyptian professor Ahmed Fuad Pasha in his research paper "Methodology for dealing with Islamic legacy in the history of civilization", discusses the ability of Islamic legacy to give birth to a new civilization if it is to be dealt with rational principles and methodologies which can recognize the imperative need of its revivalin the light of current facts and future expectations. Turkish professor Zakaria Korshon provides some important evidences in his paper titled "Is the map of Tigris and Euphrates rivers illustrated and sketched by Olia Chalabi", through a careful comparative study of the map and the contents of Olia Chalabi's Travel Account. He tried to prove that the map was illustrated either by his hand or by someone else under his supervision. Dr. Hilmi reviews in his paper the most famous naval ships used in the Arabian Gulf and its naval activities during the 18th and 19th centuries. He also tried to define its types, nationalities and descriptions. In his paper "Islam and Muslims in the Western imagination", Dr. Hatem El-Tahawy examines the set of methods to avoid the hostile observations of Europe towards Islam and Muslims by providing positive stories about Islam and Muslims narrated by two illiterate European prisoner of war.
In his research entitled “The Christian Pope Sylvester II, the First to transfer Arab and Islamic Disciplines to Europe”, Michael Morgan defined the role of Pope Sylvester II, as being the first influential European to transfer Islamic Arab know-how to Europe. Dr. Mubarak bu Asab, dedicates his research entitled “Weapon Technology in “Al-Saadi” era, in view of the Arabic manuscript: “Glory, Sublime and Benefits of the Holy War warriors in the Cause Of Allah, with the use of War Gears and Cannons”. Dr. Nasir Ibrahim, presents research entitled “The Inclusive Society and Culture of Containment in Egypt”: a Study of Mamluk Messages”. Dr. Sahib El-Nadwi, presents his research entitled “The Contributions of Indian Scholars in writing the Biographies of the Companions of Prophet Mohammed, and Documenting their Religious yield in India. An example of which is Al-Athar Al-Mubarakpuri’s book: “The Precious Beads in the Conquests of India, and its visitors including the Companions and Followers. Dr. Salma Ismail, talks in her research entitled: “The Significance of Folklore Heritage in reviewing the Islamic History”.Dr. Mustafa Wajih, affirms in his research entitled: “Bread is the Source of Movement of folk Classes in Egypt at the Time of the Mamluk Sultans (1250-1517)” that most of the popular uprisings in Egypt, at the time of the Mamluk Sultans, has occurred for two reasons: Religion and Food. Dr. Hassan Khalil, research entitled: “Legacies and Inheritances in the Ottoman Era”, Has alluded to the Documents of the “Arab Estate-Distribution Court”.
In his research “From Arabia to Silicon Valley”, Dr. Michael Morgan sheds light on aspects of the contributions of Arab and Islamic civilization to the human civilization. In his research “Peace Dialogue between Russell and Abdul Nasser 1962-1966”, Dr. Jamal Mahmoud Hajar presents a picture of intellectual consonance between the Politician and the Philosopher. In his research “Literary Images through Ancient Examples in pre-Islamic Arabia”, Dr. Youssef Mohamed Abdullah reviews a set of literary images through ancient examples in pre-Islamic Arabia. In his research “Zawya-Derkaouia in Morocco from Criticizing and Opposing the Makhzen to Rejecting and Resisting the French Occupation”, Dr. Qasim Hadik sheds light on an aspect of the political history of Morocco. And Dr. Jalal zin El abidine touches in his research on the “Political Violence in Morocco in the Wake of Independence” dealing with a critical phase of the contemporary history of Morocco. In his research “Humphrey II (died 1179/575 Ah): Constable of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem”, Dr. Ali Ahmed Mohammed Sayyid touches on a personality that played a role in the history of the Crusaders.
This issue handles a set of scientific studies and research in Arabic, English and French like “Copies of the Holy Quran and their Calligraphies since the Time of the Message until the Present”, “The Saudi Riyal during the Global Financial Crisis (1929-1932)”, “Shaqraa in Ottoman Archive Documents”, “Cultural Consistence between Heritage of Illustrated Islamic Manuscripts and Arts of Written Images”, “Image of Qatar in the Ancient Cartographic Heritage”, “tent terminology as an example of linguistic change” and “Patrimoine: one fiction depresentr”
It is a refereed scientific magazine specialized in history, heritage, antiquities and history of sciences with Arabs and Muslims. It is a biannual magazine aims at enriching cultural and scientific life by inviting specialized leading scholars and researchers to contribute so as to be a window of intellectual communication between the East and the West. The emperical issue of it was published in june 2015